|167||Polycarp, a disciple of St. John and bishop of Smyrna, is martyred on the west coast of Asia Minor.|
|1542||Catherine Howard, the fifth wife of Henry VIII, is beheaded for adultery.|
|1689||British Parliament adopts the Bill of Rights.|
|1692||In the Glen Coe highlands of Scotland, thirty-eight members of the MacDonald clan are murdered by soldiers of the neighboring Campbell clan for not pledging allegiance to William of Orange. Ironically the pledge had been made but not communicated to the clans. The event is remembered as the Massacre of Glencoe.|
|1862||The four day Battle of Fort Donelson, Tennessee, begins. |
|1865||The Confederacy approves the recruitment of slaves as soldiers, as long as the approval of their owners is gained.|
||Jesse James holds up his first bank.
|1914||The American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) is founded.|
|1936||First social security checks are put in the mail.|
||The Royal Air Force Bomber Command devastates
the German city of Dresden with night raids by 873 heavy bombers. The attacks
are joined by 521 American heavy bombers flying daylight raids.
|1949||A mob burns a radio station in Ecuador after the broadcast of H.G. Wells' "War of the Worlds."|
|1951||At the Battle of Chipyong-ni, in Korea, U.N. troops contain the Chinese forces' offensive in a two-day battle.|
|1953||The Pope asks the United States to grant clemency to convicted spies Ethel and Julius Rosenberg.|
||The United States sends 10,500 more combat troops
|1970||General Motors is reportedly redesigning automobiles to run on unleaded fuel.|
||Enemy attacks in Vietnam decline for the third
day as the United States continues its intensive bombing strategy.
|1984||Konstantin Chernenko is selected to succeed Yuri Andropov as Party General Secretary in the Soviet Union.|