|1529||Ottoman armies under Suleiman end their siege of Vienna and head back to Belgrade.|
|1582||The Gregorian (or New World) calendar is adopted in Italy, France, Spain, and Portugal; and the preceding ten days are lost to history.|
||Francois Pilatre de Rozier makes the first manned
flight in a hot air balloon. The first flight was let out to 82 feet, but over
the next few days the altitude increased up to 6,500 feet.
||During the land defeat of the British on the Thames
River in Canada, the Indian chief Tecumseh, now a brigadier general with the British
Army (War of 1812), is killed.
||For the second time, the Confederate submarine H
L Hunley sinks during a practice dive in Charleston Harbor, this time drowning
its inventor along with seven crew members.
|1878||Thomas A. Edison founds the Edison Electric Light Co.|
|1880||Victorio, feared leader of the Minbreno Apache, is killed by Mexican troops in northwestern Chihuahua, Mexico.|
|1892||An attempt to rob two banks in Coffeyville, Kan., ends in disaster for the Dalton gang as four of the five outlaws are killed and Emmet Dalton is seriously wounded.|
|1894||Captain Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish army officer, is arrested for betraying military secrets to Germany.|
|1914||Congress passes the Clayton Anti-Trust Act, which labor leader Samuel Gompers calls "labor's charter of freedom." The act exempts unions from anti-trust laws; strikes, picketing and boycotting become legal; corporate interlocking directorates become illegal, as does setting prices which would effect a monopoly.|
||German ZR-3 flies 5000 miles, the furthest Zeppelin
flight to date.
|1941||Odessa, a Russian port on the Black Sea which has been surrounded by German troops for several weeks, is evacuated by Russian troops.|
||Vichy French Premier Pierre Laval is executed by
a firing squad for his wartime collaboration with the Germans.
||President Harry Truman meets with General Douglas
MacArthur at Wake Island to discuss U.N. progress in the Korean War.
|1964||Nikita Khrushchev is replaced by Leonid Brezhnev as leader of the Soviet Union.|