|41||Shortly after declaring himself a god, Caligula is assassinated by two Praetorian tribunes.|
|1458||Matthias Corvinus, the son of John Hunyadi, is elected king of Hungary.|
|1639||Representatives from three Connecticut towns band together to write the Fundamental Orders, the first constitution in the New World.|
|1722||Czar Peter the Great caps his reforms in Russia with the "Table of Rank" which decrees a commoner can climb on merit to the highest positions.|
||Gold is discovered by James Wilson Marshall
at his partner Johann August Sutter's sawmill on the South Fork of the American
River, near Coloma, California.
|1903||U.S. Secretary of State John Hay and British Ambassador Herbert create a joint commission to establish the Alaskan border.|
|1911||U.S. Cavalry is sent to preserve the neutrality of the Rio Grande during the Mexican Civil War.|
||The German cruiser Blücher is sunk
by a British squadron in the Battle of Dogger Bank.
|1927||British expeditionary force of 12,000 is sent to China to protect concessions at Shanghai.|
|1931||The League of Nations rebukes Poland for the mistreatment of a German minority in Upper Silesia.|
||A German attempt to relieve the besieged city
of Budapest is finally halted by the Soviets.
|1946||The UN establishes the International Atomic Energy Commission. |
|1951||Indian leader Nehru demands that the UN name Peking as an aggressor in Korea. |
|1965||Winston Churchill dies from a cerebral thrombosis at the age of 90.|
|1980||In a rebuff to the Soviets, the U.S. announces intentions to sell arms to China.|
||A draft of Air Force history reports that the
U.S. secretly sprayed herbicides on Laos during the Vietnam War.