|1553||The Sadians defeat the last of their enemies and establish themselves as rulers of Morocco.|
|1561||Philip II of Spain gives orders to halt colonizing efforts in Florida.|
|1577||William of Orange makes his triumphant entry into Brussels, Belgium.|
|1667||Slaves in Virginia are banned from obtaining their freedom by converting to Christianity.|
|1739||The Austrians sign the Treaty of Belgrade after having lost the city to the Turks.|
||The American navy under John Paul Jones, commanding
from Bonhomme Richard, defeats and captures the British man-of-war Serapis.
|1788||Louis XVI of France declares the Parliament restored.|
||A national plebiscite approves the new French constitution,
but so many voters sustain that the results are suspect.
|1803||British Major General Sir Arthur Wellesley defeats the Marathas at Assaye, India. |
|1805||Lieutenant Zebulon Pike pays $2,000 to buy from the Sioux a 9-square-mile tract at the mouth of the Minnesota River that will be used to establish a military post, Fort Snelling.|
||The Lewis and Clark Expedition arrives back in St.
Louis just over three years after its departure.
||Confederate and Union forces clash at Mount Jackson,
Front Royal and Woodstock in Virginia during the Valley campaign.
||The Second International Aviation Meet opens in
|1912||Mack Sennet's first "Keystone Cop" film debuts, Cohen Collects a Debt.|
||The first American dies in Vietnam during the fall
of Saigon to French forces.
|1952||Richard Nixon responds to charges of a secret slush fund during his 'Checkers Speech.'|
|1954||East German police arrest 400 citizens as U.S. spies.|
||Soviets sign a pact to send more aid to Hanoi.
|1973||Juan Peron is re-elected president of Argentina after being overthrown in 1955.|