Today in History
May 23

1430Burgundians capture Joan of Arc and sell her to the English.
1533Henry VIII's marriage to Catherine of Aragon is declared null and void.
1618The Thirty Years War begins.
1701Captain William Kidd, the Scottish pirate, is hanged on the banks of the Thames.
1785Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals.
1788South Carolina becomes the eighth state to ratify U.S. Constitution.
1861Pro-Union and pro-Confederate forces clash in western Virginia.
1862Confederate General "Stonewall" Jackson takes Front Royal, Virginia.
1864Union General Ulysses Grant attempts to outflank Confederate Robert E. Lee in the Battle of North Anna, Virginia.
1900Civil War hero Sgt. William H. Carney becomes the first African American to receive the Medal of Honor, thirty-seven years after the Battle of Fort Wagner.
1901American forces capture Filipino rebel leader Emilio Aguinaldo.
1915Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary.
1934Gangsters Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow are killed by Texas Rangers.
1945Heinrich Himmler, the head of the Nazi Gestapo, commits suicide after being captured by Allied forces.
1949The Federal Republic of West Germany is proclaimed.
1960Israel announces the capture of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Argentina.

Born on May 23
1707Carolus Linnaeus [Carl von Linné], Swedish botanist.
1734Friedrich Anton Mesmer, physician and hypnotist.
1810Margaret Fuller, writer and critic.
1820James Buchanan Eads, engineer of the Eads Bridge in St. Louis
1875Alfred P. Sloan, Jr., president and chairman of the board for General Motors.
1891Par Lagerkvist, Swedish writer (The Dwarf, Barabbas).
1908John Bardeen, physicist, co-inventor of the transistor.
1910Artie Shaw, bandleader and clarinetist.
1920Helen O'Connell, big band vocalist.
1928Rosemary Clooney, singer.
1934Robert A. Moog, electrical engineer, creator of the Moog synthesizer.
1947Jane Kenyon, poet (Let Evening Come, Otherwise).

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