|1580||Sir Francis Drake returns to Plymouth, England, aboard the Golden Hind, after a 33-month voyage to circumvent the globe.|
||The British army launches a major offensive, capturing
|1786||France and Britain sign a trade agreement in London.|
|1820||The legendary frontiersman Daniel Boone dies quietly at the Defiance, Mo., home of his son Nathan, at age 85.|
|1826||The Persian cavalry is routed by the Russians at the Battle of Ganja in the Russian Caucasus.|
|1829||Scotland Yard, the official British criminal investigation organization, is formed.|
||General Nathan Bedford Forrest and his men assault
a Federal garrison near Pulaski, Tennessee.
||Leon Czolgosz, who murdered President William McKinley,
is sentenced to death..
|1913||The first boat is raised in the locks of the Panama Canal.|
|1914||The Federal Trade Commission is established to foster competition by preventing monopolies in business.|
||German Ace Ernst Udet shoots down two Allied planes,
bringing his total for the war up to 62.
|1937||Bessie Smith, known as the 'Empress of the Blues,' dies in a car crash in Mississippi.|
|1940||During the London Blitz, the underground Cabinet War Room suffers a hit when a bomb explodes on the Clive Steps.|
|1941||The U.S. Army establishes the Military Police Corps.|
||General Douglas MacArthur's American X Corps, fresh
from the Inchon landing, links up with the U.S. Eighth Army after its breakout
from the Pusan Perimeter.
|1955||The New York Stock Exchange suffers a $44 million loss.|
|1960||Vice President Nixon and Senator John F. Kennedy participate in the first nationally televised debate between presidential candidates.|
|1961||Nineteen-year-old Bob Dylan makes his New York singing debut at Gerde's Folk City.|
||Hanoi rejects a U.S. peace proposal.
|1969||The Beatles last album, Abbey Road, is released.|
|1972||Richard M. Nixon meets with Emperor Hirohito in Anchorage, Alaska, the first-ever meeting of a U.S. President and a Japanese Monarch.|
|1977||Israel announces a cease-fire on Lebanese border.|