|54||Nero succeeds his great uncle Claudius, who was murdered by his wife, as the new emperor of Rome.|
|1307||Members of the Knights of Templar are arrested throughout France, imprisoned and tortured by the order of King Philip the Fair of France.|
|1399||Henry IV of England is crowned.|
|1670||Virginia passes a law that blacks arriving in the colonies as Christians cannot be used as slaves.|
||The Continental Congress authorizes construction
of two warships, thus instituting an American naval force.
|1776||Benedict Arnold is defeated at Lake Champlain.|
|1792||President George Washington lays the cornerstone for the White House.|
||At the Battle of Queenston Heights, a Canadian and
British army defeats the American who have tried to invade Canada.
|1849||The California state constitution, which prohibits slavery, is signed in Monterey.|
|1903||Boston defeats Pittsburgh in baseball's first World Series.|
|1904||Sigmund Freud's The Interpretation of Dreams is published.|
||In the first of four attacks, two Japanese battleships
sail down the slot and shell Henderson field on Guadalcanal, in an unsuccessful
effort to destroy the American Cactus Air Force.
|1943||Italy declares war on Germany. Allied Agony Anzio.|
||The Space Shuttle Challenger, carrying seven,
the largest crew to date, lands safely at Kennedy Space Center in Florida.