||Napoleon Bonaparte participates in a coup and declares
himself dictator of France.
|1848||The first U.S. Post Office in California opens in San Francisco at Clay and Pike streets. At the time there are only about 15,000 European settlers living in the state.|
|1900||Russia completes its occupation of Manchuria.|
|1906||President Theodore Roosevelt leaves Washington, D.C., for a 17-day trip to Panama and Puerto Rico, becoming the first president to make an official visit outside of the United States.|
||The Australian light cruiser HMAS Sydney
wrecks the German cruiser Emden, forcing her to beach on a reef on North
Keeling Island in the Indian Ocean.
|1918||Germany is proclaimed a republic as the kaiser abdicates and flees to the Netherlands.|
||Japanese troops invade Shanghai, China.
||Nazis kill 35 Jews, arrest thousands and destroy
Jewish synagogues, homes and stores throughout Germany. The event becomes known
as Kristallnacht, the night of the shattered glass.
||Roger Allen LaPorte, a 22-year-old former seminarian
and a member of the Catholic worker movement, immolates himself at the United
Nations in New York City in protest of the Vietnam War.
|1965||Nine Northeastern states and parts of Canada go dark in the worst power failure in history, when a switch at a station near Niagara Falls fails.|
|1967||NASA launches Apollo 4 into orbit with the first successful test of a Saturn V rocket.|
|1972||Bones discovered by the Leakeys push human origins back 1 million years.|
|1983||Alfred Heineken, beer brewer from Amsterdam, is kidnapped and held for a ransom of more than $10 million.|
|1989||The Berlin Wall is opened after dividing the city for 28 years. |