|1315||Swiss soldiers ambush and slaughter invading Austrians in the battle of Morgarten.|
|1533||The explorer Francisco Pizarro enters Cuzco, Peru.|
||The Pilgrim Fathers, who have settled in New Plymouth,
buy out their London investors.
|1777||The Articles of Confederation, instituting perpetual union of the United States of America, are adopted by Congress.|
|1805||Meriwether Lewis, William Clark and their party reach the mouth of the Columbia River, completing their trek to the Pacific.|
|1806||Explorer Zebulon Pike discovers the Colorado Peak that bears his name, despite the fact that he didn't climb it.|
|1864||Union Major General William T. Sherman's troops set fires that destroy much of Atlanta.|
|1881||The American Federation of Labor is founded.|
|1909||M. Metrot takes off in a Voisin biplane from Algiers, making the first manned flight in Africa.|
|1917||Kerensky flees and Bolsheviks take command in Moscow.|
||Forty-one nations open the first League of Nations
session in Geneva..
|1922||It is announced that Dr. Alexis Carrel has discovered white corpuscles.|
|1930||General strikes and riots paralyze Madrid, Spain.|
|1937||Eighteen lawsuits are brought against the Tennessee Valley Authority, calling for its dissolution.|
||An American fleet defeats a Japanese naval force
in a clash off Guadalcanal.
|1946||The 17th Paris Air Show opens at the Grand Palais des Champs-Elysees. It is the first show of this kind since World War II.|
|1952||Newark Airport in New Jersey reopens after closing earlier in the year because of an increase in accidents.|
|1957||Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev asserts Soviet superiority in missiles, challenging the United States to a rocket-range shooting match.|
|1960||The first submarine with nuclear missiles, USS George Washington, takes to sea from Charleston, South Carolina.|
|1962||Cuba threatens to down U.S. planes on reconnaissance flights over its territory.|
|1963||Argentina voids all foreign oil contracts.|
||In the second day of combat, regiments of the 1st
Cavalry Division battle on Landing Zones X-Ray against North Vietnamese forces
in the Ia Drang Valley.
|1969||A quarter of a million anti-Vietnam War demonstrators march in Washington, D.C. |
|1976||A Syrian peace force takes control of Beirut, Lebanon.|
|1984||Baby Fae dies 20 days after receiving a baboon heart transplant in Loma Linda, California.|