|1468||Lorenzo the Magnificent and his brother Giuliano succeed their father, Piero de Medici, as rulers of Florence, Italy.|
|1762||France cedes to Spain all lands west of the Mississippi--the territory known as Upper Louisiana.|
|1818||Illinois admitted into the Union as the 21st state.|
|1800||The French defeat an Austrian army at the Battle of Hohenlinden, near Munich.|
|1847||Frederick Douglass and Martin R. Delaney establish the North Star, and anti-slavery paper.
|1862||Confederate raiders attack a Federal forage train on the Hardin Pike near Nashville, Tenn.|
|1863||Confederate General James Longstreet moves his army east and north toward Greeneville. This withdrawal marks the end of the Fall Campaign in Tennessee.|
||Major General William Tecumseh Sherman meets with
slight resistance from Confederate troops at Thomas Station on his march to the
|1906||The U.S. Supreme Court orders Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) leaders extradited to Idaho for trial in the Steunenberg murder case.|
||The United States expels German attaches on spy
||French commander Joseph Joffre is dismissed after
his failure at the Somme. General Robert Nivelle is the new French commander in
|1918||The Allied Conference ends in London where they decide that Germany must pay for the war.|
|1925||The League of Nations orders Greece to pay an indemnity for the October invasion of Bulgaria.|
|1926||British reports claim that German soldiers are being trained in the Soviet Union.|
||The Chinese close in on Pyongyang, Korea, and UN
forces withdraw southward.
||The National Council of Churches asks the United
States to halt the massive bombings in North Vietnam.
|1977||The State Department proposes the admission of 10,000 more Vietnamese refugees to the United States.|
|1979||Eleven are dead and eight injured in a mad rush to see a rock band (The Who) at a concert in Cincinnati, Ohio.|
|1984||Toxic gas leaks from a Union Carbide plant and results in the deaths of thousands in Bhopal, India.|
||Presidents George Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev announce
the official end to the Cold War at a meeting in Malta.